It’s no secret that there are plenty of accounting certifications available for you to choose from. The problem is finding one that’s best suited for you and where you want your career to go.
I love sharing these comparisons with you because although I chose to become a CMA, it is not for everyone. So today I wanted to break down the differences between the ACCA vs CMA.
What is the ACCA?
First and foremost, ACCA stands for Association of Chartered Certified Accountants. The ACCA is based in the United Kingdom and operates a single entity just like the CMA. Due to the fact that is based in the UK, this certification is most commonly recognized in the Commonwealth countries.
Application and Qualification Process
Similar to the CMA exam, the ACCA has a fairly low barrier of entry. In order to qualify candidates must have 3 GCSEs (General Certificate of Secondary Education — ie. high school level) and 2 GCE Advanced levels in five subjects, including Mathematics and English.
For those hoping to become an ACCA and holding a bachelor degree, as long as your degree is from relevant material, you may be eligible for exemption from some or all of the papers at the Fundamental Level.
Where the CMA exam prep is solely up to you, the ACCA actively helps prepare you for the exam by providing candidates with study guides, mock exams and approved learning centers (known as ACCA Approved Learning Partners) where you can study.
The CMA, as you well know, has a low barrier of entry which may be why there is such a low pass rate. Eligibility relies on having any bachelor degree and two consecutive years of managerial work experience.
Exam Content and Format
To become an ACCA you must complete 14 papers in two different levels. This includes 9 Fundamental level papers and 5 Professional level papers. As I mentioned above, depending on your background, you may be eligible for exemption from some or all of the Fundamental papers. Some of the papers are computerized, however not all of them are.
To earn your designation you must pass two exams:
- Financial Report, Planning, Performance, and Control
- Financial Decision Making
Both parts of the exam are computerized and you take them at a Prometric Testing facility. Each exam is 4 hours in length total. Three hours is allotted for 100 multiple choice questions, plus 30 minutes for each of the two essays.
In order to move on to the essay questions you must have passed the first part with a score of at least 50%.
ACCA vs CMA Salary
When it comes to salary, the CMA cannot be beat. According to ACCA Global, the average annual salary for an ACCA trainee is approximately £19,300, which is approximately $27,482US. Partly qualified ACCAs earn around £25,800 and finalists earn an average of £30,700 annually. This is approximately $36,737USD and $43,715USD respectively.
On the other hand, the average CMA commands $115,763 as of 2015 and that salary continues to climb. Even at the ACCAs highest level, the average CMA earns over 60% more.
Which is Right for You?
When it comes to a designation it really depends on two factors here, where you want to work and how much income you want to make. Both designations are well respected and growing in global recognition, but the facts remain the same. If you want to work in the United Kingdom or a Commonwealth country, the ACCA may be a better choice. If you prefer to live and work in the Middle East, Asia, or in the Americas and earn a higher salary then there’s no question, the CMA is right for you.
There is no right or wrong answer though. Only you can choose if the ACCA vs CMA is right for you.